Distance Citation and Authors
The suggested citation for all versions of Distance is:
Thomas, L., S.T. Buckland, E.A. Rexstad, J. L. Laake, S. Strindberg, S. L. Hedley, J. R.B. Bishop, T. A. Marques, and K. P. Burnham. 2010. Distance software: design and analysis of distance sampling surveys for estimating population size. Journal of Applied Ecology 47: 5-14. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2009.01737.x
We have arranged for the article to be freely available to all, and electronic copies may be downloaded from:
We suggest in your write-ups, you be explicit about the version and release number of Distance you used, since results may vary between versions. For example, you might write in a methods section: "Analyses were carried out using Distance 6.0 release 2 (Thomas et al. 2010)" where the citation lists the above paper.
We will update the help pages in Distance that give suggested citation in the next release.
Contacting the Authors
Sending Comments and Suggestions
We welcome your comments about Distance, and your suggestions for future versions of the software. Please e-mail us email@example.com. You should also use this address if you have any comments or questions about the Distance web pages.
If you are having problems with Distance, please check the manual and readme file (ReadMe.rtf) carefully, and read thelatest news about Distance. Also, you may want to check the archives of the distance-sampling e-mail list.
Once you have exhausted these possibilities, please send a message detailing the problem to the e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org. We'll get back to you as soon as possible. Please remember that Distance is free, so techical support is given on a "best effort" basis (i.e., we'll do the best we can, given our other commitments).
Distance development team
Distance Development team in a meeting, Summer 2001.
Left to right: John Pollard, Ken Burnham, Steve Buckland, Sharon Hedley, David Borchers, Len Thomas, Fernanda Marques, Jeff Laake, Samantha Strindberg. David Anderson, Eric Rexstad and Jon Bishop are absent;
Tiago Marques is behind the camera.
Len Thomas is a Reader in Statistics within in the School of Mathematics and Statistics at the University of St. Andrews, Scotland. He is based at the university's Centre for Research into Ecological and Environmental Modelling (CREEM).
Len Thomas (see above)
Jeffrey L. Laake is a statistician at the National Marine Mammal Laboratory in Seattle, USA.
David L. Miller is a research fellow at the Department of Natural Resources Science at the University of Rhode Island, USA. He became infected with the distance sampling bug while an undergraduate at the University of St. Andrews.
Eric Rexstad is the head of the Research Unit for Wildlife Population Assessment, a research unit within CREEM at the University of St. Andrews, Scotland.
Samantha Strindberg is a quantitative ecologist working in the Living Landscapes Program at the Wildlife Conservation Society, New York, USA. She was formerly a graduate student in the School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of St. Andrews, Scotland.
Laura H. Marshall is a research fellow with the Research Unit for Wildlife Population Assessment (RUWPA) at the University of St. Andrews, Scotland.
M. Louise Burt is a research fellow with the Research Unit for Wildlife Population Assessment (RUWPA) at the University of St. Andrews, Scotland.
Stephen T. Buckland holds the Chair in Statistics in the School of Mathematics and Statistics at the University of St. Andrews, Scotland. He is also the director of CREEM, and co-directory of the National Centre for Statistical Ecology.
David L. Borchers is a Reader, and head of the Division of Statistics within the University of St. Andrews, Scotland.
Jeffrey L. Laake (see above)
Tiago A. Marques is a research fellow within the Centre for Research into Ecological and Environmental Modelling (CREEM) at the University of St Andrews, Scotland..
The following people were members of the development team, but have now moved on to other things. We gratefully acknowledge their contributions.
Sharon L. Hedley, Fernanda F. C. Marques, John H. Pollard, Jon R. B. Bishop, Julian F. Derry.
We particularly thank David R. Anderson and Kenneth P.Burnham for their pioneering work in the field, and for their support for the development of software to make the methods accessible to ordinary users.